The Three Main Types of Anesthesia
The term anesthesia comes from the Greek words meaning “no” and “sensation”, meaning literally “no sensation” or inability to feel pain. There are three main types of anesthesia – general, regional and local. We’ll take a brief look at all three.
General anesthesia usually involves the complete and profound loss of consciousness. Many people think of this as being put to sleep. However general anesthesia is a much deeper state of unconsciousness than sleep, there is no dreaming or perception of any kind. This ensures no pain is felt during traumatic procedures like open heart surgery.
Regional anesthesia is used for serious injury or major surgery involving one or more regions of the body. Regional anesthesia does not involve total unconsciousness but usually will involve reduced consciousness through the use of sedatives. Regional anesthesia is often the pain management mode of choice for in-patient hospital stays.
Local anesthesia is typically used for minor procedures such as tooth extraction or skin legion excision. It is qualitatively different from the other two forms in that it is usually highly localized. Local anesthesia is preferred for outpatient settings.
Capitol Anesthesia Associates
Capitol Anesthesia Associates represents Austin’s leading anesthesiologists. Its physicians are among the most recognized specialists in their field and are universally board certified and recognized nationwide for outstanding care by groups such as the Anesthesia Quality Institute. For more information or to make an appointment please visit their website at capanes.com.